Pajamas or pyjamas, generally shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can seek advice from quite a few associated varieties of garments originating with the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting clothes derived from the first garment and worn chiefly for sleeping,[one] but in some cases also for lounging,[two] also by equally sexes. Much more usually, pajamas might refer to various garments, for both daywear and nightwear, derived from regular pajamas and involving variants of favor and substance.
The phrase pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 through the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), by itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'. The original pyjāmā are loose, lightweight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans in the course of East India Organization rule in India.
The globally use of pajamas (the term and the garment) is the results of adoption by British colonists in India during the 18th and nineteenth generations, plus the British affect on the wider Western globe throughout the Victorian era. Pajamas had been released to England as "lounging apparel" as early because the seventeenth century, then often called mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) Nonetheless they shortly fell away from trend. The word pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the very first half of the nineteenth century. They didn't turn into a trend in Britain as well as the Western globe as sleeping attire for guys until finally the Victorian time period, from about 1870.
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Words and phrases and Phrases (1886) summarizes the condition of utilization at the time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
This kind of garment is utilized by different persons in India e.g. by women of assorted courses, by Sikh Males, and many by Mohammedans of equally sexes. It had been adopted in the Mohammedans by Europeans being an write-up of dishabille and of night apparel, and it is synonymous with Lengthy Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It is actually possible that we English took the behavior similar to a very good numerous others with the Portuguese. Hence Pyrard (c. 1610) suggests, in speaking of Goa Hospital: "Ils ont pressure calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The word is currently used in London outlets. A pal furnishes the subsequent reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Road, some on 40 yrs ago, in reply to a matter why pyjammas had toes sewn on to them (as was occasionally the situation with Individuals furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I think, Sir, it truly is because of the White Ants."[ten]
Regular pajamas consist of a jacket-and-trousers combination fabricated from gentle material, such as flannel or light-weight cotton.[eleven] The jacket factor usually incorporates a placket front and its sleeves don't have any cuffs.[twelve] A lot of people decide to rest or lounge in only the pajama pants, both which has a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. For that reason, pajama trousers for men and boys are sometimes sold as separates.
In colloquial speech, these classic pajamas will often be referred to as PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[thirteen] In South Asia and South Africa, they are sometimes called night time suits.
Some pajamas characteristic a fall seat (also referred muske pidzame to as a lure doorway or butt flap): a buttoned opening within the seat, intended to enable the wearer to conveniently use a bathroom. Fall seats were very common on pajamas designed ahead of the 1950s, but while in the early 20-first century They may be somewhat rare.
Modern day pajamas are derived from traditional pajamas. There are numerous versions in design and style such as quick sleeve pajamas,[fourteen] pajama bottoms[fifteen] of different duration, or, from time to time, one particular-piece pajamas,[seventeen] and pajamas incorporating various supplies. Chiefly while in the US, extend-knit slumber clothing with rib-knit trimmings are common. Generally worn by young children, these clothes generally have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if a person-piece), and might also be footed.
Even though pajamas are generally distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping clothes for instance nightgowns, during the US, they have sometimes integrated the latter like a best. Babydoll pyjamas Have a very sort of limited gown top rated about shorts or small trousers.[eighteen]
Pajamas may well currently seek advice from Women of all ages's mix daywear, specifically in the US where by they turned well known from the early twentieth century, consisting of small-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and light-weight trousers. Examples of these contain capri pajamas, Seaside pajamas, and hostess pajamas.